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Legal & Judicial Services

    Results: 18

  • Drug Courts (35)
    FC-8200.8100-170

    Drug Courts

    FC-8200.8100-170

    Special courts that have been given the responsibility to handle cases involving drug-addicted offenders through an extensive supervision and treatment program. Drug court participants undergo long-term treatment and counseling sanctions, incentives and frequent court appearances. Successful completion of the program results in dismissal of charges, reduced or set aside sentences, lesser penalties, or a combination of these.
  • Family Law Courts (1)
    FC-8200.8100-200

    Family Law Courts

    FC-8200.8100-200

    State courts that handle domestic relations cases including dissolution of marriages, nullification of marriages, legal separations, paternity actions, child custody, child support, visitation arrangements, spousal support and restraining orders; and which offer marriage and family counseling to help couples to reconcile or, if reconciliation is impossible, to reach an amicable agreement on a custody plan.
  • Forensic Mental Health Evaluation (4)
    RP-5000.2000

    Forensic Mental Health Evaluation

    RP-5000.2000

    Programs that provide an assessment of the mental health status of individuals who are involved in criminal or civil law cases at the request of the court or an attorney who is attempting to evaluate the situation. Forensic evaluations are completed by mental health personnel (generally psychiatrists or psychologists) who have additional training in the law; and may address any of a wide range of issues such as an individual's fitness to stand trial (i.e., their ability to assist in their own defense), the competency of the accused at the time of a crime, waiver of Miranda rights, the validity of an insanity plea, the legitimacy of a stress-related illness claim arising from an individual's employment, the extent of brain damage that may have occurred in a head injury case, a child's ability to testify or a person's competency to manage his or her own affairs. Forensic evaluations may also be done in situations involving juvenile justice issues, child abuse, child custody disputes, termination of parental rights and other cases that are being heard in juvenile court or family law court.
  • Forensic Psychiatry (4)
    RP-6400.2000

    Forensic Psychiatry

    RP-6400.2000

    Programs that are staffed by licensed physicians whose psychiatric focus is on interrelationships with civil, criminal and administrative law and the evaluation and specialized treatment of individuals involved with the legal system or incarcerated in jails, prisons or forensic psychiatric hospitals.
  • Guardianship Assistance (2)
    FT-6900.2500

    Guardianship Assistance

    FT-6900.2500

    Programs that provide assistance for people who are in favor of or want to oppose the appointment of a guardian to care for and/or manage the affairs of a child or adolescent during minority (generally younger than age 18). In some states, particularly those with no arrangements for conservatorships, whose conservatorships are voluntary covering property and powers designated by the conservatee or whose conservatorships address only the individual's estate, guardianships may also apply to adults who have been found by the courts to be incapable of managing their own affairs.
  • Health Care Discrimination Assistance (10)
    FT-1800.2900

    Health Care Discrimination Assistance

    FT-1800.2900

    Programs that provide assistance for people who believe that they have been treated unfairly, denied health or mental health care services or benefits or have experienced delays in service provision based on their age, gender, family composition, race or ethnic origin, nationality, religion, disability, sexual orientation or marital status.
  • Homeless Courts (3)
    FC-8200.8100-270

    Homeless Courts

    FC-8200.8100-270

    Special court sessions held in a local shelter or other community site which help homeless people resolve outstanding misdemeanor criminal warrants (principally "quality of life" infractions such as unauthorized removal of a shopping cart, disorderly conduct, public drunkenness and sleeping on a sidewalk or bench). Outstanding warrants interfere with a homeless person's reintegration into society, deter them from using social services and impede their access to employment. The court addresses quality-of-life offenses that have gone to warrant and provides sentencing, involving participation in treatment and community service, that can clear the offense.
  • Law Enforcement Community Engagement/Outreach (2)
    FN-4000

    Law Enforcement Community Engagement/Outreach

    FN-4000

    Programs whose primary purpose is to acquaint the public with police procedures and specific crime prevention and other law enforcement programs that are designed to protect the community.
  • Legal Services for Housing Issues (20)
    FT * YZ-3150

    Legal Services for Housing Issues

    FT * YZ-3150

    Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, class action litigation, legal counseling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counseling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law. Programs that provide information and/or services that deal with the topic of housing
  • Legal Services for Immigration Issues (11)
    FT * YZ-3350

    Legal Services for Immigration Issues

    FT * YZ-3350

    Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, class action litigation, legal counseling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counseling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law. Programs that provide information and/or services that deal with the topic of immigration.
  • Legal Services for People with Disabilities/Health Conditions (14)
    FT * YJ-8750

    Legal Services for People with Disabilities/Health Conditions

    FT * YJ-8750

    Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, class action litigation, legal counseling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counseling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law. Individuals who have physical, sensory, developmental, cognitive, mental or emotional limitations, illnesses or injuries that affect their ability to engage in one or more major life activities. Disabilities and health conditions may be temporary or permanent, may be present at birth or occur at any point in a person's lifetime, and can be of different levels of severity.
  • Legal Services for Youth (20)
    FT * YB-9500

    Legal Services for Youth

    FT * YB-9500

    Programs that provide assistance in the form of advocacy, arbitration, class action litigation, legal counseling, legal representation, mediation, paralegal counseling, self-representation assistance and/or court watching which focus on a particular area of law. Individuals who are younger than age 18.
  • Legal Services Organizations (62)
    FV

    Legal Services Organizations

    FV

    Law firms and other legal services providers that draft legal documents for clients, offer legal advice, represent clients in legal negotiations and court proceedings, and provide other forms of assistance that help people resolve their legal problems.
  • Mental Health Courts (8)
    FC-8200.8100-500

    Mental Health Courts

    FC-8200.8100-500

    State courts that handle LPS conservatorships and cases which involve psychiatric evaluations, investigations, hearings and trials related to the involuntary detention of people who are alleged to have severe emotional problems and who are unable or unwilling to seek voluntary care for themselves.
  • Protection and Advocacy for Individuals With Disabilities (10)
    FT-1000.6600

    Protection and Advocacy for Individuals With Disabilities

    FT-1000.6600

    Programs that provide assistance for individuals with disabilities who are having difficulty understanding and/or obtaining the full benefits and services to which they are entitled by law. Included are federally mandated programs that are part of the formal protection and advocacy system which includes Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Developmental Disabilities (PADD), Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI), Protection and Advocacy for Individual Rights (PAIR) and the Client Assistance Program (CAP); and independent organizations that provide the same types of services. Protection and advocacy programs provide legal representation and other advocacy services, under federal and state laws, for all people with disabilities and endeavor to ensure full access to inclusive educational programs, financial entitlements, health care, accessible housing and productive employment opportunities. The programs maintain a presence in facilities that care for people with disabilities where they monitor, investigate and attempt to remedy adverse conditions. CAP agencies (many of which are housed within protection and advocacy offices) provide information and assistance for individuals seeking or receiving vocational rehabilitation services under the Rehabilitation Act, including assistance in pursuing administrative, legal and other appropriate remedies.
  • Self Representation Assistance (25)
    FP-8000

    Self Representation Assistance

    FP-8000

    Programs that train people to represent themselves in court when initiating or responding to a specific type of civil litigation.
  • Special Education Advocacy (28)
    FT-8000.8000

    Special Education Advocacy

    FT-8000.8000

    Programs that work to ensure that children and youth with disabilities receive a free, appropriate, public education often by providing assistance for parents who need support in seeking and obtaining needed early intervention, educational, medical or therapeutic services for their children.
  • Veterans Courts (6)
    FC-8200.8100-920

    Veterans Courts

    FC-8200.8100-920

    Special state courts that handle cases involving veterans charged with crimes, generally nonviolent felonies and misdemeanors in which post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, traumatic brain injuries and mental illness are underlying factors. The objective of the courts is to get veterans into treatment where the root causes of their behavior can be addressed as an alternative to time in jail. Compliance with court requirements is monitored through regularly scheduled court hearings and charges against participants are dropped following completion of treatment if they have remained alcohol and drug free and have committed no new offenses.